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  1. Original Research

    Knowledge about systemic inflammatory response syndrome and sepsis: a survey among Dutch emergency department nurses

    Sepsis has a high mortality. Early recognition and timely treatment are essential for patient survival. The aim of this study is to examine the factors that influence the knowledge and recognition of systemic ...

    L. C. van den Hengel, T. Visseren, P. E. Meima-Cramer, P. P. M. Rood and S. C. E. Schuit

    International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2016 9:19

    Published on: 15 July 2016

  2. Original Research

    An innovative safe anesthesia and analgesia package for emergency pediatric procedures and surgeries when no anesthetist is available

    Adequate pain control through sedation and anesthesia for emergency procedures is a crucial aspect of pediatric emergency care. Resources for administering such anesthesia are extremely limited in many low-inc...

    Kevin R. Schwartz, Karla Fredricks, Zaid Al Tawil, Taylor Kandler, Stella A. Odenyo, Javan Imbamba, Brett D. Nelson and Thomas F. Burke

    International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2016 9:16

    Published on: 10 June 2016

  3. Practice innovations in emergency medicine

    Implementation of the Canadian Emergency Department Triage and Acuity Scale (CTAS) in an Urgent Care Center in Saudi Arabia

    The objectives of the study is to review and assess the implementation of the applied modified five-level triage and acuity scale triage system in AL-Yarmook Urgent Care Center (UCC), King Abdulaziz Residentia...

    Abdullah Arafat, Ali Al-Farhan and Hiba Abu Khalil

    International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2016 9:17

    Published on: 10 June 2016

  4. Original Research

    A retrospective comparison of helicopter transport versus ground transport in patients with severe sepsis and septic shock

    Helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS) extend the reach of a tertiary care center significantly. However, its role in septic patients is unclear. Our study was performed to clarify the role of HEMS in se...

    Rahul Kashyap, Peter W. Anderson, Abhay Vakil, Christopher S. Russi and Rodrigo Cartin-Ceba

    International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2016 9:15

    Published on: 7 June 2016

  5. Original Research

    Diving accidents: a cohort study from the Netherlands

    Diving is, besides professional reasons, an increasingly popular leisure activity. Whilst statistically compared to other sports safe, diving accidents can result in serious complications. In order to treat th...

    J. W. Smithuis, E. Gips, T. P. van Rees Vellinga and M. I. Gaakeer

    International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2016 9:14

    Published on: 12 March 2016

  6. Case report

    “Floating shoulder” injuries

    “Floating shoulder” is a rare injury complex resulting from high-energy blunt force trauma to the shoulder, resulting in scapulothoracic dissociation. It is commonly associated with catastrophic neurovascular ...

    Kenneth Heng

    International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2016 9:13

    Published on: 9 March 2016

  7. Case Report

    The hyperdense basilar artery sign: a case of locked-in syndrome

    Locked-in syndrome, although a notoriously famous clinical entity, the rarity of the condition coupled with the variability of clinical features on acute presentation represents a potential diagnostic pitfall ...

    Lasanthi Aryasinghe, Yasmin Kazim, Hamza F. Obeid and Husnain Hashim

    International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2016 9:12

    Published on: 29 February 2016

  8. Case report

    Case-based discussion: an unusual manifestation of diaphragmatic hernia mimicking pneumothorax in an adult male

    Diaphragmatic hernia is an important cause of emergency hospital admission associated with significant morbidity. It usually results from congenital defect or rupture in the diaphragm due to trauma. Prompt and...

    Pradeep Kumar Vyas, Chintamani Godbole, Susheel Kumar Bindroo, Rajiv S. Mathur, Bharathi Akula and Nilesh Doctor

    International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2016 9:11

    Published on: 29 February 2016

  9. Original Research

    Predictors of early progression to severe sepsis or shock among emergency department patients with nonsevere sepsis

    Progression from nonsevere sepsis—i.e., sepsis without organ failure or shock—to severe sepsis or shock among emergency department (ED) patients has been associated with significant mortality. Early recognitio...

    Andre L. Holder, Namita Gupta, Elizabeth Lulaj, Miriam Furgiuele, Idaly Hidalgo, Michael P. Jones, Tiphany Jolly, Paul Gennis and Adrienne Birnbaum

    International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2016 9:10

    Published on: 24 February 2016

  10. Educational advances in emergency medicine

    Adaptive leadership curriculum for Indian paramedic trainees

    Paramedic trainees in developing countries face complex and chaotic clinical environments that demand effective leadership, communication, and teamwork. Providers must rely on non-technical skills (NTS) to man...

    Aditya Mantha, Nathaniel L. Coggins, Aditya Mahadevan, Rebecca N. Strehlow, Matthew C. Strehlow and S.V. Mahadevan

    International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2016 9:9

    Published on: 20 February 2016

  11. Original Research

    Point-of-care capillary HbA1c measurement in the emergency department: a useful tool to detect unrecognized and uncontrolled diabetes

    Inpatient hyperglycaemia and diabetes mellitus (DM) are common and are associated with an increased risk of complications and mortality. The severity of hyperglycaemia determines the rate of complications in p...

    Fernando Gomez-Peralta, Cristina Abreu, Leonor Andreu-Urioste, Ana Cristina Antolí, Carmen Rico-Fontsaré, David Martín-Fernández, Rosa Resina-Rufes, Juan Jesús Pérez-García, Ángela Negrete-Muñoz, Daniel Muñoz-Álvarez and Guillermo E. Umpierrez

    International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2016 9:7

    Published on: 19 February 2016

  12. Original Research

    Ultrasonographic assessment of inferior vena cava/abdominal aorta diameter index: a new approach of assessing hypovolemic shock class 1

    We designed this study to expand the usage of ultrasound to detect early occurrence of hypovolemia. We explore the potential use of inferior vena cava (IVC) and abdominal aorta (AA) diameter index (IVC:AA) mea...

    Nik Hisamuddin NA Rahman, Rashidi Ahmad, Meera Mohaideen Kareem and Mohammad Iqhbal Mohammed

    International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2016 9:8

    Published on: 19 February 2016

  13. Original Research

    Analysis of trauma admission data at an urban hospital in Maputo, Mozambique

    Trauma is a major public health concern. Worldwide, injuries resulted in 4.8 million deaths in 2013, an increase of 11 % since 1990. The majority of deaths from trauma in low-and middle-income countries occur ...

    Cátia Luciana Abdulfattáhe Taibo, Troy D. Moon, Orvalho A. Joaquim, Carlos R. Machado, Amina Merchant, Kelly McQueen, Mohsin Sidat and Elena Folgosa

    International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2016 9:6

    Published on: 19 February 2016

  14. Educational advances in emergency medicine

    Survey of student perception of medical education environment among emergency medicine residents of an academic medical centre in Northern India

    The specialty of emergency medicine is in its infancy state in the long history of the Indian health sciences education system. Little analytical published data is available at the moment in India regarding th...

    Sushant Chhabra, Asit Misra, Sumiyah Shah and Tamorish Kole

    International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2016 9:5

    Published on: 19 February 2016

  15. Original Research

    Increased analgesia administration in emergency medicine after implementation of revised guidelines

    The most common complaint of patients attending the emergency department (ED) is pain, caused by different diseases. Yet the treatment of pain at the ED is suboptimal, and oligoanalgesia remains common. The ob...

    Geesje Van Woerden, Crispijn L. Van Den Brand, Cornelis F. Den Hartog, Floris J. Idenburg, Diana C. Grootendorst and M. Christien Van Der Linden

    International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2016 9:4

    Published on: 10 February 2016

  16. Original Research

    Ultrasound-guided “short” midline catheters for difficult venous access in the emergency department: a retrospective analysis

    Acutely ill patients admitted to the emergency department (ED) constantly require at least one fast and reliable peripheral intravenous (PIV) access. In many conditions (morbid obesity, underweight state, chro...

    Giancarlo Scoppettuolo, Mauro Pittiruti, Sara Pitoni, Laura Dolcetti, Alessandro Emoli, Alessandro Mitidieri, Ivano Migliorini and Maria Giuseppina Annetta

    International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2016 9:3

    Published on: 4 February 2016

  17. Educational advances in emergency medicine

    Cross-cultural challenges in assessing medical professionalism among emergency physicians in a Middle Eastern Country (Bahrain): feasibility and psychometric properties of multisource feedback

    Multisource feedback (MSF) is an evaluation tool whereby surveys assessing physicians are administered among medical peers and colleagues. Such evaluations provide physicians with non-biased valuations of both...

    Ahmed Al Ansari, Ahmed Al Meer, Mooza Althawadi, Deyari Henari and Khalid Al Khalifa

    International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2016 9:2

    Published on: 3 February 2016

  18. Research

    Validation of the modified Japanese Triage and Acuity Scale-based triage system emphasizing the physiologic variables or mechanism of injuries

    The Canadian Triage and Acuity Scale is a valid triage system. The system was translated and implemented in the Japanese emergency departments (EDs) from 2012. This system was named the Japanese Triage and Acu...

    Hiraku Funakoshi, Takashi Shiga, Yosuke Homma, Yoshiyuki Nakashima, Jin Takahashi, Hiroshi Kamura and Masatomi Ikusaka

    International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2016 9:1

    Published on: 25 January 2016

  19. Original Research

    Factors affecting communication in emergency departments: doctors and nurses’ perceptions of communication in a trilingual ED in Hong Kong

    This study investigates clinicians’ views of clinician-patient and clinician-clinician communication, including key factors that prevent clinicians from achieving successful communication in a large, high-pres...

    Jack K.H. Pun, Christian M. I. M. Matthiessen, Kristen A. Murray and Diana Slade

    International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2015 8:48

    Published on: 15 December 2015

  20. State of International Emergency medicine

    A study of the workforce in emergency medicine in Israel 2012: what has changed in the last decade?

    In 2003, we published a study on the Israeli workforce in emergency medicine (EM). We repeated the study in 2012 to assess changes in the workforce that have occurred in the interval decade.

    Michael J. Drescher, Zev Wimpfheimer, Aziz Darawsha, Ryan Sullivan, Aviva Goral and Limor Aharonson-Daniel

    International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2015 8:47

    Published on: 12 December 2015

  21. Original research

    Self-referrals in the emergency department: reasons why patients attend the emergency department without consulting a general practitioner first—a questionnaire study

    To influence self-referral, it is crucial to know a patient’s motives to directly visit the emergency department (ED). The goal of this study is to examine motives for self-referral to the ED and compare these...

    Nicole Kraaijvanger, Douwe Rijpsma, Henk van Leeuwen and Michael Edwards

    International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2015 8:46

    Published on: 7 December 2015

  22. Review

    Academic affairs and global health: how global health electives can accelerate progress towards ACGME milestones

    Global health electives (GHEs) have become a standard offering in many residency programs. Residency electives should aid residents in achieving outcomes in the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Educa...

    Alison Schroth Hayward, Gabrielle A. Jacquet, Tracy Sanson, Hani Mowafi and Bhakti Hansoti

    International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2015 8:45

    Published on: 2 December 2015

  23. Notes from the field

    A description of teaching methods using an on-site instructor versus a distant site instructor to train laryngoscopy to medical students in Hanoi, Vietnam, from Omaha, Nebraska, by video communication

    This study demonstrated a method to train medical students at Hanoi Medical School in airway management from Omaha, Nebraska, using tele-mentoring techniques. Correct placement of the endotracheal tube was doc...

    Wesley G. Zeger, Chad E. Branecki, Thang T. Nguyen, Todd Hall, Ben Boedeker, David Boedeker and Michael C. Wadman

    International Journal of Emergency Medicine 2015 8:44

    Published on: 1 December 2015

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