Acute renal infarction
© Springer-Verlag London Ltd 2008
Received: 7 April 2008
Accepted: 30 July 2008
Published: 22 August 2008
The computed tomography image demonstrated multiple areas within the left kidney that did not enhance with contrast, which is consistent with acute renal infarction. The patient was anticoagulated with intravenous heparin, maintaining normal renal function through discharge. Renal infarction is a rare disorder typically affecting patients after the age of 60. Patients will often present with abdominal pain, hematuria, fever, nausea, vomiting, and/or oliguria and may have a history of atrial fibrillation. Laboratory findings can show hematuria on urinalysis and leukocytosis, elevated creatinine, and a markedly elevated LDH on serum analysis. Differential diagnosis includes diverticular disease, aortic aneurysm, gynecological disorder, and appendicitis.
While renal angiography is the gold standard, CT abdomen with contrast is considered diagnostic for renal infarction. Standard and Doppler ultrasound, to date, is of limited value, though recent studies suggest a possible role for contrast-enhanced ultrasonography . Late diagnosis does not preclude normal renal function.